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TMP files are terrain files used in Tiberian Sun through Yuri's Revenge. They constitute the solid, mostly indestructible terrain upon which every other game object is layered. TMPs come in various shapes, each comprised of one or more tiles[1]. Furthermore, TMPs are divided into tilesets, which define certain attributes that each TMP in the set should have.

TMP files use the same theater-specific file extensions as TerrainTypes: .tem, .sno, etc.

The maximum tile size of a TMP file is 10x10 tiles.


Tiles are the diamond-shaped (within 48x24 pixels for TS and 60x30 pixels for RA2), single-cell pieces that make up a TMP file. Each tile is composed of a normal image that covers the cell shape, plus an optional "extra" image perpendicular to the normal image. This extra image is essential for creating the illusion of a 3D-environment, as it allows for hiding terrain and objects behind it, thus creating a sense of depth, or the filling of space between tiles at different height levels.

In addition to graphics, each tile has several parameters that specify characteristics such as height, land type and slope type.

File Format

A TMP file consists of two header parts, the file header and tile headers.

struct FileHeader
	unsigned int BlockWidth; // size in blocks
	unsigned int BlockHeight;
	unsigned int BlockImageWidth; // size of each block
	unsigned int BlockImageHeight;

Following the file header is an index of pointers to each tile header.

struct TileHeader
	signed int TileX; // tile offset
	signed int TileY;
	unsigned int ExtraDataOffset;
	unsigned int ZDataoffset;
	unsigned int ExtraZDataoffset;
	signed int ExtraX; // extra image offset
	signed int ExtraY;
	unsigned int ExtraWidth;
	unsigned int ExtraHeight;
	unsigned char Bitfield;
	BYTE padding[3];
	unsigned char Height;
	unsigned char LandType; // see LandTypes
	unsigned char SlopeType;
	RGB TopLeftRadarColor;
	RGB BottomRightRadarColor;
	BYTE padding2[3];
struct RGB 
 	unsigned char Red; 
 	unsigned char Green; 
 	unsigned char Blue; 


Block is the size of a tile canvas. Its size is in practice fixed in each game: 48x24 pixels for TS and 60x30 pixels for RA2.

Z-Data contains the information for layering the graphics.

Bitfield - The 3 least significant bits out of the 8 bits are used as 0/1 flags for HasExtraData, HasZData and HasDamagedData respectively. Game checks these bits to process the extra-data or z-data or the damaged logic. If HasExtraData/HasZData bits are set to 0, game won't use its respective extra-data or z-data even if present. If the HasDamagedData bit is set to 0, game randomizes the tiles from its variants if present. Variants have filenames like clear01.tem, clear01a.tem, ... clear01g.tem. HasDamagedData bit is set to 1 for bridges, so that its tiles are not randomized. The remaining leading 5 bits out of the 8 bits are not used irrespective of the values present in those. For example, a byte value of 0xCB or 0x03 or 0x83 or 0x4B, all have the same result of binary xxxxx011 which means HasDamagedData bit is not set, HasZData bit is set and HasExtraData bit is set.

LandType[2] - Numbering used for land characteristics. 0, 1 or 13 is used for Clear. Ice uses 0 to 4. Tunnel is 5. Railroad is 6. Rock uses 7 or 8 (15 is also used as rock in cliff tiles). Water is 9. Beach is 10. Road uses 11 or 12. Rough is 14. Cliff is 15. Wall, Tiberium and Weeds don't have numbers but are processed based on its overlay placed on the cells.

Radar colors - The top-left radar color and bottom-right radar color being different, enhances the demarcation in the minimap where the adjacent tiles/terrain change in the map. These also give a sense of the light source being at top-left in the minimap.

Padding bytes are used as fillers, could have any value, typically assigned with 0xCD in original game tiles.

The actual tile and extra graphics are encoded after the tile header.

For older documentation reference, see TMP documentation.


TileSets define certain characteristics to a group of TMP files, such as whether Tiberium/ore can grow on the tiles, or whether they can be deformed or burrowed through. Each TileSet has its own section in the theater control file.

A TileSet has a practical limit of 99 TMPs.

Check IsoMapPack5 to know how the tiles are stored in TS/RA2 maps.


  1. Confusingly, both TMPs and the tiles that make up a TMP file are both referred to as "tiles" in different contexts
  2. Sometimes referred to as terrain type (not to be confused with TerrainTypes)